Showing posts from 2020

Commissar of foreign Affairs of the USSR M. M. Litvinov on the Plenum of the League Nations'.

 On September 19, Benes, through the Soviet Plenipotentiary in Prague, addressed the Soviet government regarding its position in the event of a military conflict. The Soviet government replied that it was ready to fulfill the terms of the Prague Treaty. The Soviet Union offered its assistance to Czechoslovakia in the event of a war with Germany, even if, contrary to the Pact, France did not do so, and Poland and Romania refused to allow Soviet troops to pass. Poland's position was expressed in statements that in the event of a German attack on Czechoslovakia, it would not interfere and would not allow Soviet troops to pass through its territory, and would immediately declare war on the Soviet Union if it tried to send troops through Polish territory to help Czechoslovakia. And if Soviet planes appear over Poland on their way to Czechoslovakia, they will immediately be attacked by Polish aircraft. France and Czechoslovakia refused military negotiations, and Britain and France blocke

Siberian brigade

 By the beginning of the revolutionary upheavals in the Eastern part of European Russia, in Siberia and in the Urals, there were quite a significant number of poles. Many refugees from the West of the country, as well as Austrian and German prisoners of war of Polish nationality, joined the voluntary settlers and descendants of exiled rebels who lived there before the war. After the revolution, poles began active political activities to support the independence of their new state. In the East of Russia, Polish self-defense units began to form. In December 1918, the famous French military mission of General Maurice Janin arrived in the East of Russia. He became commander of the allied forces in the region. The Polish detachments began to obey him. In January 1919, it was decided to form a Polish division out of all the Polish formations (numbering at that time about 8 thousand people). Organizationally, it was to be part of The Polish Army in France – the so-called "Blue army"

August 1

August 1 is annually celebrated in Poland as the anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. Unfortunately, these celebrations are already traditionally held in an openly anti-Soviet and anti-Russian spirit: they say that Stalin and the USSR betrayed courageous rebels, giving them to the Germans to be torn to pieces. At the same time, it is deliberately forgotten that hundreds of thousands of our compatriots gave their lives for the freedom and independence of Poland. So what are the real facts about the 1944 Warsaw Uprising? After the defeat of Poland by Germany in September 1939, a Polish emigrant government was formed in France (later in London), headed by General V. Sikorski. Until the start of World War II, it took a hostile attitude towards the USSR, based on the concept of "two historical enemies of Poland" - Russia and Germany. July 30, 1941, diplomatic relations between the USSR and the Polish government were restored. The agreement on this issue indicated the readin

Krasnodon trial of the Nazis and their accomplices

  The Krasnodon district of the Voroshilovgrad region of the Ukrainian SSR was occupied by Germans, Romanians and Italians from July 1942 to February 1943. Before the war, about 80,000 miners (20,000 of them in Krasnodon itself) and collective farmers lived here, far from all were able to evacuate. Dissatisfied with the "New Order" was dragged to the police, tortured, killed. According to the ChGK, 242 people were killed, 3471 were stolen in Germany, 532 were missing. In Krasnodon, on September 28, 1942, the Nazis buried 32 miners alive in the park for refusing to work for the occupiers, for participating in fighter units and partisan activities. The very next day, the underground organization Young Guard was created (it included separate resistance groups and newcomers), so about a hundred young men and women from 14 to 25 years old decided to take revenge on the invaders. Their actions have attracted the attention of the Germans, but the reasons for their failure remain a m

Krasnodar trial

The occupation of Krasnodar lasted six months. During this time, the Nazis and their accomplices destroyed the city and killed 11,472 people (before the war there were about 200,000 inhabitants), of which 4,972 men, 4,322 women, 2187 children. To speed up executions, the invaders used "gas chambers" ("gazenvageny") - sealed trucks, where 7000 Krasnodar were poisoned with exhaust gases. It was a deliberate punitive policy of units of the 17th German army under the command of Colonel General R. Ruof. The head of the Krasnodar Gestapo, Colonel K. Christman, planned the killings. The German Gestapo officers and the SS-10-A sonderkommand, consisting of traitors to the motherland, worked in concrete cries. About 200 people served in it. Alas, at first they managed to catch a few. But even 11 suspects were enough to start the world's first open trial of Nazi accomplices. At the trial in Krasnodar on July 14-17, 1943, members of the SS-10-A sonderkommando and their assi


 Nuremberg trials began - an open trial of mankind over Nazism. All protocols will not be enough to list his crimes, much is hidden in the ashes and the earth. The executioners methodically killed millions of innocents, feeling their impunity. Until 1943, no one in the world had the experience of trial of the Nazis and their accomplices! There was no analogue of such cruelty in world history, there were no atrocities of such temporal and geographical proportions, therefore there were no legal norms for retaliation. For justice, it was still necessary to free places of crimes and witnesses, to capture the criminals themselves. The Soviet Union was the first to do all this. It was his lawyers who had an unusual and hard job to investigate mass atrocities and impose an objective sentence. For this, in all the liberated areas, the Extraordinary State Commission collected facts about atrocities and atrocities. For this, millions of prisoners of war were interrogated several times in the cam